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(Understanding) REVELATION

THE REVELATION OF JESUS CHRIST + ( ‘Understanding’ ) REVELATION + Job 19:25 For I know that my [redeemer] liveth, and that he shall [stand] at the [latter]

[day] upon the earth.

* Apocalyptic Literature to review * {Daniel 7-12; Matthew 24}. This ( is ) a STUDY - and NOT a cursory reading. My intention is to present this most understandably. The detail is such, like all other GOD-Breathed writings, it seem impossible to explain, without detail- ( at least by me..) ! If I miss anything, I apologize. I want you all to Understand it, as much as I want to understand it. There is so much being described…. These days, so many people are confused & perplexed- when it comes to understanding this book. Many Pastors (refuse) to talk about it. As someone once said; “I can explain it TO you, but I can’t understand it FOR you..! We are SUPPOSED to understand it ! (One reason)- the book appears so strange to the uninitiated, is that (most) of us (haven't) developed [enough] familiarity with the Old Testament. The entire Bible is meant for [all] of us. It is (not) Old Testament versus New Testament, Hebrew versus Christian, Jew vs. Greek. No ! GOD is the same in the Old Testament as HE is in the New Testament. The only difference is, is that JESUS gave to us A new Covenant - and that is NOT to say any old covenant’s GOD made are off. To the contrary, they are NOT. HIS Covenant title is: ‘EL-BERITH’, GOD of the Covenant, Judges 9:46. Covenants are promises and GOD keeps HIS promises. The New Covenant (or New Testament) is the promise that GOD makes with humanity that HE will forgive sin and restore fellowship with those whose hearts are turned towards HIM. Psalms 40:7

“Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me,” JESUS CHRIST is the mediator of the New Covenant, and HIS crucifixion on the cross is the basis of the promise (Luke 22:20). The New Covenant was predicted while the Old Covenant was still in effect —the prophets Moses, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel all allude to the New Covenant. The SINGLE most important thing in our life, more than anything else- is making sure that our names are written in the Lamb's Book of Life. The book of Revelation includes a very unique command to “keep” the book and finishes with a strong warning about altering the book (Rev. 1:3; 22:18). These unusual warnings tell us that GOD intends for us to study the book in such a way that it affects how we live.

There are ( 7 ) blessings in this book - (1:3)-(14:13)-(16:15)-(19:9)-(20:6)-(22:7)-(22:14). Revelation 1:3 say’s: Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand. *Remember - The New Testament is [in] the Old Concealed, the Old Testament is [in] the New Revealed. Prologue ~ ….Let’s dive in now and set the tone…. The book of Acts begins ( basically ) with the birth of the church. (Acts 2:1-4). The book of Acts covers roughly 30 years of time… Whereas, Chapters 2 and 3 of the book Revelation covers the next 2,000 years, following the birth of the church. The church was birthed (50) days [after] JESUS CHRIST Rose from the dead. On Pentecost, or the old Testament feast Of Shavuot. GOD is spirit (John 4:24), existing in a different realm from that of humans, who are flesh. Our understanding and perception of GOD, (therefore), are based on GOD’S revelation to us- through HIS written Word, the Bible.

The FATHER and the SON, and the HOLY SPIRIT. There is also a [[reconciliation]] process that is present, which is Illustrated in this Revelation, as well as throughout the Bible. GOD is reconciling ‘us’ to ‘HIMSELF’. GOD has given us the ministry [of] reconciliation. (2 Corinthians 5:18-20) CHRIST’S death, provided for the removal of the barrier of sin to bring mankind back into a right relationship with GOD. ( Renewed Friendship ) Matthew 5:24; 1 Corinthians 7:11. ( A form of unity ) Colossians 1:20. This Revelation, is the uncovering, a revealing that which is, or that was formally - “hidden”. The Bible (shows) and tells how GOD reveals HIMSELF to mankind through HIS actions, through nature - And supremely through HIS SON. GOD is the SOVEREIGN of the Universe, existing Supremely above all else. “- IMPLICIT ” - 1.implied though not plainly expressed. 2.essentially or very closely connected with; always to be found in.

The Bible reveals GOD as the “FATHER” and JESUS CHRIST as HIS “SON.” The distinction between the two is [implicit] from the very beginning of GOD’S revelation (Genesis 1:1), where the Hebrew word Elohim is used. There has been communication between these two from the beginning, as seen in the example of Genesis 1:26, where the pronouns “Us” and “Our”( refer) to [Elohim.]

The Old Testament focuses on the GOD of Israel, who identifies Himself as “I AM” and “the Lord God- of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob” Exodus 3:14-15, the word ‘(Lord)’ being derived from the Hebrew YHWH. A summary-- The name: YHWH. {Meaning: He Who Causes That Which Is To Be} - {He Who Causes That Which Can't Be, To Fall…} Etymology: From the verb הוה (hawa), which both means to be and to fall. Judges 13:18, And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is [secret]? ( or to say; “seeing it is [incomprehensible]” ) *(I believe) (the angel of the Lord, is none other than, JESUS.) The key scene in this respect seems to be Exodus 3:13-15, where GOD names himself first: אהיה אשר אהיה (I AM WHO I AM), then אהיה (I AM), and finally יהוה (YHWH) and states that this is HIS name forever and a memorial name to all generations.

In John 8:58, CHRIST refers to HIMSELF as “I AM.” This is the [same] GOD who delivered the Israelites out of Egypt and accompanied them in the wilderness - and who was later known in the New Testament as: JESUS CHRIST (1 Corinthians 10:4). Both the Old Testament and New Testament, contain references to more than one personage in the Godhead. *Psalms 110:1, for example, which is quoted in Acts 2:29-36. The New Testament identifies Them as GOD the FATHER and JESUS CHRIST the SON (1 Corinthians 8:6). The SON is also called GOD (Hebrews 1:8-9).

Jesus Christ is called the “Word,” who “was with God” in the beginning and is also identified as “GOD” (John 1:1-2). HE created all things (verses 3, 10), and later became flesh and dwelled with humans (John 1:14). HE is also called “the firstborn among many brethren” - (Romans 8:29). Humans have the wonderful potential and opportunity to enter the family of GOD (Romans 8:14, 19; John 1:12; 1 John 3:1-2).

The relationship between the WORD and the FATHER is more clearly defined in the New Testament, when “the Word was made flesh” (John 1:14, KJV; Philippians 2:5-11), revealed the FATHER to HIS disciples (Matthew 11:25-27), was sacrificed for the forgiveness of our sins and has now once again been exalted by the FATHER (John 17:5). The verb היה (haya), or its older version הוה (hawa), means to be busy acting out the behavior that defines that which acts. Very curiously, the verb הוה (hawa), which is identical to the older version of the verb that means "to act definingly," appears to mean to fall. This may be an inconvenient coincidence, but much more likely reflects the deep insight that the development of defining behavior inevitably requires the falling away of certain rejected behaviors. Noun הוה (hawwa) means either a bad kind of desire or lust, or ruin or destruction. Nouns היה (hayya) and הוה (howa) describe destruction, calamity or ruin. HE truly is--- “Incomprehensible” !!! *Elohim is the (plural) form of the Hebrew word for GOD, ELOAH. The church is seen as being inextricably linked with Israel of the Old Testament. An important piece of evidence for the New Testament use of: Ecclesia [ἐκκλησία] meaning [Church] against an Old Testament background is the range of uses of ἐκκλησία in Revelation, which are also directly linked to Old Testament allusions and not to Greco-Roman civil assembly uses. Out of eighteen uses of ἐκκλησία in the book, at least eleven are directly linked in the same verse to clear Old Testament allusions. Here (now) are those 11 verses:

1. Revelation 1:20, the “lampstands” of Zechariah 4:2, 11 2. Revelation 2:1, as in Revelation 1:12, based again on Zechariah 4:2, 11 (and, more generally, Exodus 25 and 37). 3. Revelation 2:7, based on Genesis 2:8–9 and 3:2–3, 22, 24 (LXX). 4. In Revelation 2:12, It is a clear allusion to Isaiah 49:2, where GOD makes the servant’s “mouth like a sharp sword.” 5. Revelation 2:17, the one “who overcomes” among “the churches [ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις]” will be given “the hidden manna,” Isaiah’s prophecy that end-time Israel would be given a “new name,” indicating a new married status of Israel with her GOD (Isa. 62:2; 65:15). An eschatological significance... 6. Revelation 2:18, the “church [ἐκκλησία] in Thyatira” is directly associated with the “Son of GOD, comes from the messianic reference to GOD’S Son in Psalm 2, which anticipates the full quotation from Psalm 2:8–9 at the end of the letter to this church (Rev. 2:26–27). The reference to the Son’s fiery eyes and feet like bronze comes from Daniel 10:6, which describes an angel. (Another portrayal of CHRIST). 7. Revelation 2:26–27, CHRIST promises the one “who overcomes” a share in the messianic kingdom prophesied in Psalm 2:8–9, the authority of which HE HIMSELF has already received: “to him I will give authority over the nations; and he shall rule them with a rod of iron, as the vessels of the potter are broken to pieces.” The reference to the “morning star” at the end of Revelation 2:28 is also another Old Testament allusion, this time to Numbers 24:17 where the future end-time ruler of Israel is called a rising “star”. 8. Revelation 3:7, The church addressed by CHRIST- “who has the key of David, who opens and no one will shut, and who shuts and no one opens.” This is a quotation from Isaiah 22:22, which is a description of Eliakim, who was in charge of the Israelite king’s court. Now CHRIST is a greater Eliakim in HIS address to the church. 9. Revelation 3:12 is saturated with the Old Testament, more than many other passages in Revelation. “He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he will not go out from it anymore” is a clear allusion generally to the Old Testament temple; (a.) “and I will write on him . . . the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem” is a clear reference to the Old Testament city of Jerusalem; and (b.) “My new name,” as we saw in Revelation 2:17, is a specific allusion to Isaiah 62:2; 65:15, Isaiah’s prophecy that end-time Israel would be given a “new name” as an indication of a new eschatological relationship with her God. The first two allusions refer to Old Testament realities that are eschatologically escalated to apply to Christians, so that they are identified with these heightened realities. The “new name” from Isaiah is a prophecy first fulfilled by Christ (note “My new name”) and then identified with Christians, who thus also are part of its fulfillment. Then immediately in Revelation 3:13 those in “the churches [ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις]” are exhorted to “hear” and identify with the realities described in verse 12, as well as to pay heed to the earlier parts of the letter. 10. Revelation 3:14 is an allusion to Isaiah 65:16, where YAHWEH is twice called “the God of Amen.” Here, CHRIST addresses the “church” (ἐκκλησία) just as YAHWEH addressed Israel in Isaiah 65:16. 11. Revelation 22:16 we read: “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.” JESUS “testifies” through HIS angel to the “churches” (ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις). A repeated allusion to the messianic prophecy of Numbers 24:17, which has already been made at Revelation 2:18. -{ Part I }- An Introduction to: REVELATION- When the book of Revelation is viewed chronologically, there are 4 parts in the structure of the book of Revelation with the fourth part being the largest consisting of 5 chronological sections in which the events occur in sequential order.

Part 1: John’s calling to prophesy about the end times (Rev. 1). John gave truths about JESUS’ majesty that formed the way he prophesied about the end times. These truths are also to equip us.

Part 2: JESUS’ 7 letters to the churches (Rev. 2-3) – The instructions JESUS gave to these churches about overcoming sin also give insight into what the end-time church must overcome.

Part 3: JESUS takes the scroll (Rev. 4-5) – Contains the earth’s title deed and HIS plan to cleanse it. JESUS takes a 7-sealed scroll from the Father. The scroll represents the title deed of the earth and the battle plan to judge, cleanse, and prepare the nations for JESUS’ rule over all the earth, while bringing the Church to a mature Bride who partners [with] HIM in the plan, (Rev 6-22).

Part 4: JESUS’ plan (Rev. 6-22) - -Includes Great Tribulation judgments against the Antichrist. JESUS reveals HIS main storyline of love to cleanse the earth of evil. HIS plan is seen in 5 chronological sections describing the main storyline of the 21 judgment events- (7 seals, 7 trumpets, and 7 bowls) that are released on the Antichrist’s empire in sequential order. The book (Revelation) opens with practical, ethical and spiritual advice to seven churches. It then contains [much] vivid symbolism to represent ideas and qualities, as GOD encourages the faithfulness of Christians and (warns) of the destruction of evil and unfaithfulness. ================================================== As the 1st century ( A.D.) came to an end John, Son of Zebedee, was an old man. He was also the only one of the Apostles still alive. In exile on Patmos, an island off the coast of Ephesus, John received the visions found in this book. The first audience was composed of seven churches in Asia That were probably founded during Paul’s missionary journeys. Rome’s policy of mandatory emperor worship led to the first Empire-wide persecution near the end of Domitian Caesar’s reign. This would explain John’s exile- and the mention of recent Martyrdom, dating this book- approx 90A.D. =Some things to review before studying Revelation= --Moses and the Pharaoh, {Exodus 6-14}. --THE KINSMAN REDEEMER -- {Deuteronomy 19:11,12; 25:5-10; Ruth 1-4}. The laws of Moses, תֹּורַת מֹשֶׁה Torat Moshe, also called the Mosaic Law - carried a [provision] for a young widow(s) with no family. The drama of Revelation begins with a search for an eligible Kinsman. It ends with that KINSMAN (marrying) HIS bride - JESUS uniting with HIS church. (adoption of the church into the Family of GOD) ! "Apokalypsis" ~ The lifting of the veil between heaven and earth and the revelation of GOD and HIS plan for the world. The first words of this book [identify] it as an APOCALYPSE. The word (revelation) means: to reveal something that has been Previously hidden. =PRACTICAL QUESTIONS ANSWERED In REVELATION= +How should we feel when the world is in turmoil?+ Revelation provides us with a ‘surprising answer’: We should be happy [BLESSED] ! (7)Times Revelation pronounces blessings for OUR benefit- 1:3; 14:13; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7; 22:14. +“What response should the church have when a worldly Government demands worship”?+ The Zealots, a sect of Judaism in the 1st. Century, taught that violent Revolution was necessary against an occupying pagan force. - However - The book of Revelation commands patience and faith, even when the freedom and lives of GOD’S people are threatened, 13:7-10. +”What is the point of human history”?+ In the beginning of human history, humankind tried to be like GOD And rebelled against HIM. As a result, we were cursed - losing access to the eternal life in GOD’S presence that HE intended us to have. At the end of human history, GOD’S work will be complete in JESUS. The curse will be removed, and we will again have full access to GOD, And to the tree of Life, 22:1-5. =Some key points to remember through REVELATION= The book of Revelation is [not] in chronological order. The seals are the long story, the trumpets are the short story, and the vials are the real short story. They are three vantage points of the end time. 1-2-3. You can view them in [comparison] with the synoptic gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. We know this is true because the 6th and 7th seal, the 7th trumpet, and the 7th vial all record the same event-- -the second coming of JESUS CHRIST. Also (if) the kingdoms of [this] world become the kingdoms of GOD and HIS Christ in Revelation 11:15, (it would not make sense), for the Antichrist to begin his rule in Revelation 13. Understand? The Antichrist, and all it entails comes first ! Then comes, The Second Coming. 1.PRESENCE ( 1:1 - 11:19 ) JESUS Remains in the midst of HIS church, (3:20). 2.PERSECUTION (12:1 - 18:24 ) satan uses human leaders to Harass believers, (12:12). 3.PURPOSE ( 19:1 - 22:21 ) In the end, GOD will restore order In HIS world, ( 21:3 ). *The Book of Revelation consists of 404 verses which contain over 800 allusions to the Old Testament alone! Revelation is applicable to (ALL) congregations, But was [SPECIFICALLY] addressed to seven churches that John Ministered to in his final years,1:4-7. The term: “SEVEN SPIRITS” is a symbolic reference to The HOLY SPIRIT, with the number 7 implying Completeness. +Despite persecution, grace and peace could be theirs+ Through JESUS, “the Prince of the kings of the earth.” Psalm 89:27, Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth. The Lord anointed David with the holy oil, not only as an emblem of the graces and gifts he received, but as a ‘type’ of CHRIST, the King Priest, and Prophet, anointed with the HOLY GHOST without measure. Furthermore, JESUS was the [first] to be brought back to LIFE, (never to die again.) These are vital truths for the persecuted church to keep in mind when facing the threats of the Roman Government, then, and- - (even now.) +The promise of JESUS’ Return in these verses, Comes from the Old Testament messianic Passages Very familiar to the original audience, (Daniel 7:13; Zechariah 12:10).

=Joshua as a Model?=

It is interesting to notice the parallels in design between the Book of Joshua in the Old Testament and the Book of Revelation. Joshua's name is in Hebrew; in Greek, it could be rendered- [IESOUS] Ιησούς - (or) "Jesus" in English. Joshua's mission is to dispossess the [usurpers] from the Land on behalf of GOD’S people; in Revelation- JESUS' mission is to dispossess the Planet Earth of the [usurpers]. *(Usurper): a person who takes a position of power or importance illegally or by [force].

In the initial attack on the Amorite capital of Jericho, (every) (rule) of the Torah was violated: *the Levites were exempt from military duties, yet they [lead] the procession. *They were to do (no work) on Sabbath Day, yet here, they march around Jericho once a day for six days, and then seven times on the [seventh] day! *They are to keep silent until the final trumpet blast, etc. **It is interesting that the Seven Trumpets in Revelation are introduced after a strange [silence.]

The opposing kings align themselves under a leader who calls (himself) Adoni-Zedek ("The Lord of Righteousness"), who is ultimately defeated with signs in the sun and the moon at the battle of Beth Horon. The defeated kings hide in caves, etc. Familiar? Revelation 6:16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:

It seems that in Revelation we have the final "Joshua," [ JESUS CHRIST ]-- dispossessing the Planet Earth of its [usurpers] on behalf of GOD’S people in a parallel manner. (GOD uses patterns throughout the entire Bible) So why should this be ANY different !? JESUS [ IS ] - The KING of KINGS (and) The LORD of LORDS ! ! ! He is King of heaven—(Daniel 4:37).

He is King of the Jews—(Matthew 2:2).

He is King of Israel—(John 1:49).

He is King eternal—(1 Timothy 1:17).

He is King of glory—(Psalm 24:7).

He is King of the nations—(Revelation 15:3).

He is King of kings—(Revelation 19:16). ===================================== << Let’s get started >> Here WE go…… DOOM and GLOOM…! That’s what many people think of when this book is mentioned. Many Christians shy away from studying this because they think it Is too irreverent, or too complex to spend any time examining it. Understanding Prophecy gives followers of CHRIST ‘hope’ In an uncertain and chaotic world. These 7-letters affect ( us ) GREATLY. Each letter in one way or another - Is addressed to you and I. Knowing this, We ( all ) need to understand them, and to understand OUR PERSONAL DEFICIENCIES, so that we may (correct) these deficiencies while there is still time to do so. We all know deep down, exactly what we are lacking, as it pertains to our relationship with JESUS CHRIST - and we [all] need to attend to them. As stated earlier, the book of Acts covers roughly 30 years. GOD never leaves HIMSELF without a witness In the Scriptures. With that in mind, and knowing Acts Covers 30 years, wouldn’t it then be strange that GOD Would leave us with no comment about the remaining 19 centuries? In the 1st chapter, John sees the ascended and glorified JESUS CHRIST in heaven. In chapters 2-3, JESUS dictates seven letters to John for the church bodies In seven churches, in seven cities. Ergo, John [is] that witness between Acts & Revelation. Those letters represent periods that the church has gone Through, the past two millennia - They [also] represent the things that go on with all of ‘us’ The churches, ( ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις ‘us’ ) again ! The seven churches were laid out in the order from Pergamos in which they would be delivered, on foot. Which, incidentally - lays out the exact order in which JESUS dictates them to John. Rev. 1:7, Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen. This is of course, speaking of The Second Coming of CHRIST. It is ( not ) the Harpazo - rapture. That is a seperate, and distinct event. The Church has a distinct role in prophecy, and will not be present on the earth when what is Being spoken of in ( 1:7 ) takes place. [We] Christians, return [with] HIM. Those that are witnessing HIS Return, that are upon the earth, are those who rejected MESSIAH, The non-Christians, the non-believers. Judgement is coming upon the earth. It is for this very reason that those who see HIM coming - Mourn and Wail. Revelation 6:16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:

Hosea 10:8

“The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills, Fall on us.” When the sixth seal was opened, there was a great earthquake. The foundations of churches and states would be terribly shaken. Such bold figurative descriptions of great changes abound in the prophecies of Scripture; for these events are emblems, and declare the end of the world and the day of judgment. Dread and terror would seize on all sorts of men. They would be glad to be no more seen. Though Christ be a Lamb, he can be angry, and the wrath of The LAMB is exceedingly dreadful; for [if] the REDEEMER HIMSELF, who appeases the wrath of GOD, be our enemy, where shall we find a friend to plead (for us)? As men have their day of opportunity, and their seasons of grace, so GOD has HIS day of righteous wrath. It seems that the overthrow of the paganism of is meant here . The idolaters are described as hiding themselves in their dens and secret caves, and vainly seeking to escape ruin. In such a day, when the signs of the times show those who believe in GOD’S word, that the KING of KINGS is approaching, Christians are [called] to a (decided course), and to a bold confession of CHRIST and HIS truth before their fellowmen, [Whatever] they may have to [endure] - our REDEEMER Liveth, wherefore believers liveth- eternally, rather than the (shame) and (contempt) of the deniers and non-believers, which is eternally everlasting. Revelation 1 - John the apostle sees the glorified CHRIST JESUS is standing among seven golden lampstands. In HIS hand, Jesus holds seven stars Revelation 1:13, 16. In verse 20 Jesus explains, “The mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right hand and of the seven golden lampstands is this: The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands which you saw are the seven churches.” The meaning of the lampstands is plain. a lampstand is intended to give light. The people of GOD, both as individuals and as congregations, are to be bearers of light. JESUS told HIS followers that they were the “light of the world” Matthew 5:14.This then, is: The Church. CHRIST’S followers. The( word) (angel) here, represented as the ones addressed In each letter; To the [angel] of -- Is: ‘ angelos’. Generally meant as ‘messengers’ from GOD. They are likely [envoys] of John’s - delivering these letter to the churches. It is (less) likely they would be actual angels. (Why would John, write letters to angels?) This is probably the best interpretation, that the seven angels are the human leaders —the bishops, elders, or pastors—in the churches. JESUS used the apostle John to write messages addressed to seven notable church leaders, and these leaders would then share the messages with the rest of the church. As you study through each letter, You will notice that, JESUS offers admonitions that (should) be taken seriously. Each church has a personal application. Each church has a different perception of themselves, Versus what The LORD HIMSELF has. Our job is to keep trusting HIM and following HIM. ============================================ =Our Report Cards=

Rev. 2:1-7; “Ephesus”-- -Remember devotion, not just doctrine- (Doing things by the book)

*The Good: Church Discipline, Faithful, Good Works, Hatred of Evil, Patience, Sound Doctrine.

*The Bad: Backsliding, Loss of Love.

*The Promises to Those that Persevere: Food from the Tree of life.

*Relation to Today’s Church: Sound but lacking Spirit. Key Passage: Revelation 2:2–3 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars: And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name’s sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.

Rev. 2:8-11; “Smyrna”-- -Endure persecution- (Disguised as the poor church) *The Good: Treasures in Heaven, Strong in Spirit.

*The Bad: Lacking Admonishment to the members.

*The Promise to Those that Persevere: A crown of life.

*Relation to Today’s Church: The persecuted church throughout the world. Key Passage: Revelation 2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life. Rev. 2:12-17; “Pergamos”-- -Purify ambassadors- (Living in the midst of evil) *The Good: Unwavering even when surrounded by evil.

*The Bad: No resistance to corrupt doctrines.

*The Promises to Those that Persevere: A new name, Food and Other blessings.

*Relation to Today’s Church: Churches that endorse and promote political agendas or secular practices that are against what the Bible teaches as truth. Key Passage: Revelation 2:13–14 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth. But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication. Rev. 2:18-29; “Thyatira”-- Reject pagan practices- (Evil, false teachers ) *The Good: Great in love, Servant-hearted, Much faith and Patience.

*The Bad: Very little or no discipline, No resistance to corrupt leadership.

*The Promise to Those that Persevere: Jurisdiction to rule the nations.

*Relation to Today’s Church: Evolution of Cults. Key Passage: Revelation 2:20 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. Rev. 3:1-6 “Sardis”-- Keep watchful and diligent- (The vanishing church ) *The Good: No Applause for the church at large but some for the very few who remain pure.

*The Bad: Too much formality, Spiritually dead, Very inactive.

*The Promises to Those that Persevere: Recognition in Heaven, Eternal Life.

*Relation to Today’s Church: Strict and Formal. Key Passage: Revelation 3:5 He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.

Rev. 3:7-13 “Philadelphia”-- -Engage in missionary outreach- (Small and devoted- Missionary church) *The Good: Good testimony, True to God’s Word

*The Bad: None

*The Promise to Those that Persevere: Backbone of the Spiritual Church though they are few

*Relation to Today’s Church: Sincere Spiritual church (the model of the true church); Brave and bold to share CHRIST. Key Passage: Revelation 3:8 I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

Rev. 3:14-22; “Laodicea”-- -Reject compromise- (Neither hot nor cold - ‘fence sitters’ )

*The Good: None.

*The Bad: Spiritually arrogant, Spiritually blind, Spiritually underdeveloped, Spiritually depressed.

*The Promise to Those that Persevere: Fellowship with Jesus on His throne;

*Relation to Today’s Church: Popular, All about the show, Secular, Worldly. Key Passage: Revelation 3:16 So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth. 3:19 -

As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent. Notice- (Smyrna and Philadelphia have no criticism). =(7) specific parts= As you study each letter, we should recognize That each letter has specific parts. 1.Addressee. 2.Title(s) for JESUS 3.Condemnation or good news 4.Criticism or bad news 5.Exhortation and admonishment 6.”He that hath an ear” 7.Promise to the overcomer As you study these letters- Remember that they were written 2-millennia ago. YET~ These letters represent us ALL, PERSONALLY. ============================ I want to draw Your attention to something… After studying the 7 letters, we know that They pertain in some way to us ALL - Knowing this now, Reflect on this next part. . . Are you prepared to meet JESUS CHRIST? I hope your ready, or [are] preparing earnestly- Because you (will) meet HIM, ready or not. There is an 800 year old Cathedral in Lubeck, Germany - with an inscription written on it. It is ‘eye-opening’ if nothing else and, ((I think that it makes a valid point..))

It is inscribed as follows -- THUS Speaketh CHRIST our LORD to us: Ye call Me Master and obey Me not. Ye call Me Light and see Me not.

Ye call Me (the) Way and follow Me not. Ye call Me Life and choose Me not. Ye call Me Wise and Follow Me not.

Ye call Me Fair and Love Me not. Ye call Me Rich and ask Me not. Ye call Me Eternal and seek Me not. Ye call Me Noble and serve Me not.

Ye call Me Gracious and trust Me not.

Ye call Me Might and honor Me not. Ye call me Just and fear me not. If I condemn you, blame Me not. The church is warned about sin and exhorted to holiness. Revelation's primary theological contribution is to eschatology, i.e., the doctrine of last things. There are many other rich theological themes, that find expression in Revelation. -The final political setup of the world;

-The last battle of human history;

-The career and ultimate defeat of Antichrist;

-CHRIST’S 1000 year earthly kingdom;

-The glories of heaven and the eternal state; and

-The final state of the wicked and the righteous. -!- "Reveille" -!- --Wake up -- Awaken-- =Revelation 4:1 "After this I looked, and, behold, a door [was] opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard [was] as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will show thee things which must be hereafter." The “trumpet” signifies an [authoritative] voice. This will be the trumpet of ‘assembly’ - (the silver trumpet of redemption). (In Matthew 24:31), "four" means the entire world, as in: the 4 corners. It is noted slightly different in Mark. Mark 13:27 And then shall he send his angels, and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven. This "sound of a Trumpet" could be a literal trumpet blowing, or it could be the voice of our LORD sounding like a trumpet. This is the last chronological mention of silver in the Bible. From the point of Redemption onward - gold is mentioned in heaven. Metal in the Bible (all) has specific significance. Iron is ‘bondage’ - Brass is ‘judgement’ - Silver is Redemption - Gold is Kings and Kingdoms. (See, Numbers 1:1-10) Silver" means assembly, or to, or to be- assembled. It also has a redemptive value. the metal silver is closely associated with the subject of redemption. { An Assembly of Redemption } - {Gathering and atoning} JESUS’S blood [IS] an Assembly of Redemption ! You’ll find silver being used the (same way) throughout the Bible- Redemptively. In: Gen. 45:21; Ex. 30:12-16; Num. 18:15-16; Gen. 24:53; Ex. 26:19; Ex. 26:21; Ex. 26:25; Ex. 26:32; Just as the boards of the tabernacle were founded upon sockets of silver, the church of the LORD JESUS CHRIST is founded upon the redemptive work of JESUS CHRIST: Rom. 3:24; Rom. 8:23; 1 Cor. 1:30; Gal. 3:13; Gal 4:5; Eph 1:7; Eph. 1:14; Eph. 4:30; Titus 2:14; Heb. 9:12; Heb. 9:15; 1 Pet. 1:18; Rev. 5:9. Acts 4:12 "Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved." The trumpets that were blown in the Old Testament were of ( silver. ) The gospel declared by the witnesses prepared of JESUS CHRIST are to testify of the redemption of GOD’S people through the redemptive blood of Christ. This [gathering together] of HIS elect is what is commonly referred to as the ‘rapture’ of the church. HIS church has no denomination. It is "all" who truly believe in the LORD JESUS CHRIST.

1 Corinthians "In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed."

JESUS has been speaking in the previous chapter directly. Now we hear from John about the things he saw. This is after JESUS finishes HIS messages to the seven churches.

We will see the number "seven" throughout Revelation. Seven means "spiritually complete". The voice that John heard was like a trumpet. This is a powerful voice; it gives a true sound. This voice is talking to [us], as well as [John].

The voice said, "come up hither" to John, but is always saying to us, "come up hither". Get your mind off the things of this world and look heavenward. The call of JESUS has always been "come". In John 1:39, JESUS says the same, “Come, and see..” In this specific sentence, HE tells John "come up hither"--- then adds why.

JESUS, the voice, says, "I will show thee things which must be hereafter." John will be shown a look into the (future). John could have had a (vision) of this, or he could have been [transported] into heaven for a moment in time to see all of this. We do know that viewing something from the earth- -makes us see just the here and now... However, from a heavenly point of view- we can see yesterday and tomorrow.

Notice that these things of the hereafter must be. {Why must they be?} Because GOD has ordered it from the beginning of the world and GOD never changes. We must change to fit HIS plan, not the other way around. Chapter 4 Verses 2-5: “In the spirit”: John sees GOD the FATHER sitting on HIS “throne” in “heaven”, compare (verse 8). The gems and the “rainbow” show the glory of GOD (compare Ezek. 1:22-28). The 24 “elders” probably represent the raptured church in heaven. Their “seats” or thrones show a reward of authority in the millennial kingdom (compare 20:4), and their “crowns” (Greek stephanos), are crowns of reward from the judgment seat of CHRIST (compare Rom. 14:10; 1 Cor. 3:12-15; 2 Cor. 5:10). The “white raiment” shows their righteousness, which has now been judged and purified. The number “four and twenty”, represents the church- as priests before GOD. David divided the Levitical priesthood into 24 sections (1 Chron. 24:7-19). Believers are seen here as a kingdom of priests- -(compare 1:6). The “seven lamps” or “seven spirits” again symbolize the HOLY SPIRIT of GOD (compare 1:4). ================================ ================================

=Revelation 4:2 "And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and [one] sat on the throne."

John was already in the Spirit we know from a previous lesson, but this means a deeper experience in the Spirit. (A double dose of the Spirit, you might say.)

“Throne”: Not so much a piece of furniture, but a symbol of sovereign rule and authority (7:15; 11:19; 16:17-18; compare Isa. 6:1). It is the focus (of chapter 4), occurring 13 times, 11 times referring to GOD’S throne.

John was changed or transported, instantly. The word ("one") does literally mean "one" but, I believe it means the unity of the trinity.

(1) GOD the FATHER;

(2) GOD the Son or GOD the Word;


The word ["sat"] is indicative that the work is [complete]. =Revelation 5:2 "And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?" =Revelation 5:3 "And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon." The question is, "Who has the right to judge the world?" That is to reveal what is hidden in the scroll and to execute what is written. No man, literally "no one" could be found among mankind or angels who had the authority to remove the "seals", and read the scroll.

=Revelation 5:4 "And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon."

John began to cry because it seemed that there was no one to open this book. In fact, these unworthy men were even kept from looking at the book.

Verses 5-7: CHRIST is presented both as a “Lion” (Ruler), from the “tribe of Judah” (compare Gen. 49:10), and as a “Lamb” (Redeemer; compare Isa. 53:7; John 1:29). The “Root of David” shows a messianic connection with the Davidic covenant (compare 2 Sam. 7:16; Isa. 11:1), and CHRIST’S right to the throne of Israel. The vision of CHRIST here brings together the twofold aspect of HIS first and second comings, HIS work as Savior and as Sovereign. CHRIST has the right to judge, possess, and rule the earth because of HIS submission to the death of the Cross, Phil. 2:8-11. =Revelation 5:5 "And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof." (( JESUS )) !! =Revelation 5:6 "And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth." =In the “midst” of the Elders= Where would the Lamb, JESUS, be but in the midst? HE was in the midst of the church. Here we see HIM as the perfect Lamb sacrifice. Everything that HE is surrounded by is significant to HIS church. JESUS is the central figure in all of this. "A lamb, looking as if it had been slain." The scars from its slaughter are still clearly visible, but it is standing, it is alive. “HE” is Alive ! The "seven horns" indicate that all power belongs to HIM indicating that the Lamb is not weak. A horn, as Scripture indicates is [power] (see Zech. 1:18). When CHRIST came the first time, as a Lamb, though HE displayed certain powers, HE did not manifest all HIS power. When HE comes the next time, as a Lion, at HIS Glorious Appearing, it will be in the manifestation of HIS Omnipotence, HIS all consuming power.

Matthew 28:18 "And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth." This statement is printed in [red] which means JESUS HIMSELF spoke these words. This was spoken after HIS resurrection. The "seven eyes" -- means that HE possesses all wisdom and understanding. "Seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of GOD sent out into all the earth." These eyes speak of the judgment of our LORD, including the seven characteristics of the HOLY SPIRIT that rests on HIM without measure. Isaiah 11:2; John 3:34. The Seven Spirits of GOD. The seven Spirits do not mean seven different Spirits, but the seven characteristics of the One HOLY SPIRIT.

These characteristics are not limited to HIS role in heaven, HIS role during the Tribulation, or HIS role during the Church Age, but are an eternal part of the HOLY SPIRIT . Therefore, when we are filled with the HOLY SPIRIT, in addition to the fruit of the Spirit found in Gal. 5:22, we should expect to manifest these characteristics:

1. The Spirit of the Lord;

2. The Spirit of wisdom;

3. The Spirit of understanding;

4. The Spirit of counsel;

5. The Spirit of power;

6. The Spirit of knowledge;

7. The Spirit of the fear of the Lord.

The "seven spirits of GOD", just means that all the Spirits of GOD dwell in HIM. HE has all the fullness of the Godhead dwelling in HIM. “ ALL “ !!! ======================================== =Revelation 5:8 "And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four [and] twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odors, which are the prayers of saints." “Harps”: accompanied the songs of GOD’S people 1 Chron. 25:6; Psalm 33:2, and they accompany prophecy, 1 Sam. 10:5. “Vials full of odors”: Symbolize the people’s prayers rising to HIM. “Prayers of the saints”: Specifically, these prayers represent all that the redeemed have ever prayed concerning ultimate and final redemption.

=Revelation 5:10 "And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth." Christians will reign with Jesus 1000 years on the earth as subordinates to JESUS. Just as there were priests with a high priest over them, our ruling will be under HIS rule. “ We shall reign on the earth.” Together the Christians, who were saved before the Tribulation, along with the saints saved out of the Tribulation will "rule and reign" during CHRIST’S one thousand-year kingdom. =Revelation 5:11 "And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;"

“Ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands”: The number is to express an amount beyond calculation. The Greek expression can also be translated “innumerable” or “many thousands” Luke 12:1; Heb. 12:22.

This number is [not] a literal number- It just means a number too large to count. There is a very large company of ministering spirits, angels. The voice had to be ‘loud’ to be such a multitude! =Revelation 5:12 "Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor, and glory, and blessing."

“Power … blessing”: This doxology records 7 qualities intrinsic to GOD and to the Lamb that demand our praise. his huge gathering was all saying the same thing. It was total adoration and recognition of JESUS of who and what HE was, and is. {Doxology: a liturgical formula of praise to GOD.} =Revelation 5:13 "And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honor, and glory, and power, [be] unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever."

JESUS created [everything] and [everyone]. This means that trees, animals, fish, fowl, and [all] living beings, animals and people, [all] cried out blessings to GOD ! ====================================== =AN UNREPENTANT WORLD= Tribulation - Verses 6:1 - 19:21: This lengthy section details the judgments and events of the time of tribulation. It is the beginning of CHRIST’S judgment of unbelievers on the earth during the Tribulation period- denoting a period of trial, trouble and testing that will soon come to all mankind before the arrival of CHRIST to rule the world. From its beginning with the opening of the first seal (verses 1-2), through the 7 seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments to the return of CHRIST It outlines GOD’S plan to destroy the ungodly (19:11-21). =Revelation 6:1 "And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see." "Come and see" We are invited to look into the heavenly stage and see things [never] told upon the earth until now. We will see in the [opening] of this (first seal), the triumph of CHRIST and HIS church. Another aspect of an Old Testament Redeemer was to be An avenger of blood. Deuteronomy 19:6. If, for instance- a woman is widowed due to ‘foul play’ Before marrying his redeemed bride, the redeemer would Bring the murderer to justice so he could no longer cause harm.

In the case of humankind - the work of the devil and his Cohorts, have to be taken care of. This (WILL BE) Accomplished by THE REDEEMER. OUR KINSMAN REDEEMER, JESUS CHRIST !

-This part begins what is called- "The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse". The four horsemen present the picture of man's inhumanity to man. They seem to be a divine prediction of the affairs of humankind that will cause much human suffering. This is not new, for those in control of the affairs of this world have a history of causing their fellow human beings much suffering, with false hopes of peace followed by wars, famines, and death.

One of the worst horrors of the Tribulation is the many plagues that will strike the world's people, particularly those who reject the SAVIOR and refuse to have their name written in the Lamb's Book of Life. The judgments begin with the ( 7 ) seals. =Revelation 6:2 "And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer."

The First Seal: Initiates the worldwide conquest by the false messiah, ((the Antichrist)) (compare Matt. 24:5). This horseman is [not] the same as the one described (in Rev. 19:11)- which is CHRIST at HIS second coming. *Again, the 1st horseman on the white horse, IS NOT JESUS CHRIST ! Many, many, people confuse this. Antichrist comes first - JESUS CHRIST comes AFTER this rider.

"A White Horse": The first of the 4 horsemen of the Apocalypse is white. The rider has a bow but [no] arrows, indicating that although he is militarily strong, in the beginning he does his conquering by diplomacy. -( A bloodless coup.. )- Since he wears a crown, we know he is successful in his efforts. And who is the rider on the white horse? There can be no doubt that it is the “spirit” of the Antichrist, who through [deceit] and clever maneuvering will bring (a false peace to the world.) But that peace will not last.

[The animal] represents an unparalleled time of world peace, ( his white color ); a false peace that is to be short-lived... =Revelation 6:3 "And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say, Come and see." This [red] horse means war. This war could be twofold in nature. There is a constant attack of the devil and his demons on Christians, This red horse (in my opinion), indicates a large-scale war. =Revelation 6:4 "And there went out another horse [that was] red: and [power] was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword."

Its blood-red appearance speaks of the holocaust of war (compare Matt. 24:7). GOD will grant this horse and its rider the power to create worldwide war. But as horrible as this judgment is, it will be (only) the "birth pangs", the beginning pains of GOD’S wrath, (Matt. 24:8; Mark 13:7-8; Luke 21:9). This seal represents a great conflict likely, World War III. When Daniel's "three kings" oppose the Antichrist, he will respond in deadly fashion, swiftly crushing his enemies and bringing death to earth on a massive scale [never] before known. We read in (Zechariah) about these four horses, and we can easily see what it is because the Bible tells us.

Zechariah 6:1 "And I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came four chariots out from between two mountains; and the mountains [were] mountains of brass."

"Brass" means judgment. This this is a [universal] message.

Zechariah 6:2-3 "In the first chariot [were] red horses; and in the second chariot black horses;" "And in the third chariot white horses; and in the fourth chariot grizzled and bay horses."

To understand the entire message, you need to (read chapters 1 and 6 of Zechariah).

Zechariah 6:4 "Then I answered and said unto the angel that talked with me, What [are] these, my lord?"

When Zechariah asked the angel what this meant, Here is the answer he got...

Zechariah 6:5 "And the angel answered and said unto me, these [are] the four spirits of the heavens, which go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth."

We see again the spirit of war in this red horse. =Revelation 6:5 "And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand."

The Third Seal: "A black horse": Black signifies famine (compare Lam. 5:8-10). Worldwide war will destroy the food supply which spawns global hunger; "Pair of balances": The common measuring device, two small trays hung from each end of a balance beam, indicates that the scarcity of food will lead to rationing, rioting and food lines. =Revelation 6:6 "And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny; and [see] thou hurt not the oil and the wine".

"A measure of wheat": The approximate amount necessary to (barely) sustain [one] person for [one] day.

"For a penny": One day's normal wage. One day's work will provide enough food for only [one] person. This inflation will result in its worst possible conclusion. When inflation is coupled with famine, we see a situation more horrible than we care to imagine. Famine & Disease will be walk hand in hand. *I cannot stress enough, that this famine may not be physical (only)- but spiritual, as well. During this time, it stands to reason that many churches will teach false doctrines. (yes, moreso then now..) The third horseman of the Apocalypse, who rides out (early) in the Tribulation- will take a heavy toll in deaths and sickness. The black horse is an obvious symbol of famine and disease, which often follow war.

This could be a message of hard times for (all) of mankind. "black" symbolizes:

1. Woe

2. Mourning

3. Terrible times

4. Famine, physical or spiritual

5. Death Five – Death

In the scriptures, the number five is often associated with the subject of death. For instance, in the fifth chapter of Genesis (sometimes known as the obituary column of the bible) in the fifth verse after Adam's name was mentioned five times we are told that he died. All but five individuals in chapter five have their names mentioned exactly five times followed by the statement "and he died." Enoch was mentioned six times but he was translated that he should not see death. The lives of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth extended beyond the flood and their deaths are not recorded until later in the scriptures. In addition, in 2nd Samuel several individuals were pierced under the fifth rib and subsequently died. Furthermore, in the book of Revelation, John recorded that when the fifth seal was loosed he saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of GOD and the testimony they held.

There are five deaths mentioned in the scriptures: death of the body; second or eternal death; death in trespasses and sins; death to fellowship; and dead to sin. The one who has the power of death, Satan, has his name, Satan mentioned fifty five times in the scriptures. The desires of Satan are set forth for us as five "I wills" in Isaiah, chapter 14.

The pride of the flesh that is dead in trespasses and sins is illustrated in the five "I's" of the Pharisee. The excuses of the flesh nature is set forth in the five "I's" of Adam.

Next, there is a five-part covenant, sometimes called the covenant of redemption or covenant of grace, which shows forth GOD’S remedy for death thru the death of his Son.

JESUS, whom GOD made to be sin for us, suffered five puncture wounds through his body as he suffered and died for the elect.

The persecutions of those dead in trespasses and sins against the gospel ministry are manifest against Paul as five times he received forty stripes save one for preaching the gospel.

=Revelation 6:7 "And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see."

"Come and see": This is a phrase often used by the Jews, to stir up attention to what is about to be said.

=Revelation 6:8 "And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the (beasts) of the earth."

The Fourth Seal; "A Pale Horse" Or green, the Greek word from which the English word "chlorophyll' comes, describes the pale, ashen-green, pallor characteristic of the decomposition of a corpse. GOD grants this horseman the authority to bring death to MUCH of the world's population.

"Hell": Or hades, the abode of the dead, which is identified as a common and fitting partner for death. John [says] the rider who sat on this horse "was Death, and Hell followed with him. =Revelation 6:9 "And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:" "Fifth seal": This seal describes the force of the saint's prayers for GOD’S vengeance. When the fifth seal is broken, John sees "under the altar the souls of those who had been slain for the word of God and for the testimony which they held." Christians martyred for their faith compare 7:9, 13-15; 17:6; Matt. 24:9-14; see also Mark 13:9-13; Luke 21:12-19. Shortly after the beginning of the Tribulation- there will be a great "soul harvest" in which many millions will come to faith in CHRIST, many as a result of the preaching of the 144,000 Jewish witnesses described (in Rev. chapter 7). Understand that GOD is very much so in control of earthly events that even the number of believing martyrs has been fixed by divine decree. =Revelation 6:10 "And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?" These souls were waiting for the Judge of all the earth to interrupt the evil of the devil and his persecution of the saints who remained there. Their cry was the same, in a sense, as the Christians who say, come quickly LORD JESUS.

This is not a reprimand of the LORD, but just a pleading for it to all be over. These souls are not looking for vengeance, but are crying out for the LORD to end all of it and set up HIS kingdom. Who better can sympathize with our generation of martyrs than the martyrs of the past? =Revelation 6:11 "And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellow servants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they [were], should be fulfilled."

These are the ones who were martyred during the tribulation and have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. White robes are issued to [all] believers in the LORD JESUS. Revelation 7:1 "And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree." *The four winds is a figurative expression, indicating all the earth's winds, those from south, east, north and west. These 4 angels will turn off, for a brief interlude, the essential engine of our earth's atmosphere. The wrath is held back until those who must be sealed are sealed. =Revelation 7:2 "And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea," GOD has always had a remnant of physical Israel.

GOD told Elijah that there were 7000 -who had not bowed the knee to Baal. This is repeated again in Romans 11:4. This angel comes from the east. This is the same location from which the light comes. This angel has authority over these four angels. ( It may be The Archangel, it may be CHRIST ) - the Bible is unclear. =Revelation 7:3 "Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads." ============================================= GOD’S People will Be Preserved… Nothing was to be injured until the angel should designate the true servants of GOD. In future (near) days, when the seal of the Antichrist signifies death or life, (Satan) will have marked his followers, but GOD’S witnesses will be sealed as well, with the name of the FATHER "in their foreheads". =Revelation 7:4 "And I heard the number of them which were sealed: [and there were] sealed a hundred [and] forty [and] four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel."

This is a missionary corps of [redeemed] Jews who are instrumental in the salvation of many Jews and Gentiles during the Tribulation (verses 9-17). They will be the firstfruits of a new redeemed Israel (Zech. 12:10). Finally, Israel (will be) the witness nation she refused to be in the Old Testament. "All the tribes of the children of Israel": By sovereign election, GOD will seal 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes, promising HIS protection while they accomplish their mission. *Some scholars argue that the 144,000 evangelists aren't necessarily Jews? But a reading of Rev. 7:4-8, (tells us they are wrong) ! These verses go on to identify (WHERE) the "tribes" that each of the 12,000 comes from.

=Revelation 7:5-8 "Of the tribe of Judah [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Reuben [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Gad [were] sealed twelve thousand." "Of the tribe of Asher [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Naphtali [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Manasseh [were] sealed twelve thousand." "Of the tribe of Simeon [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Levi [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar [were] sealed twelve thousand." "Of the tribe of Zebulon [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Joseph [were] sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin [were] sealed twelve thousand".

Most Jews alive today (do not know) which tribe they come from... - But GOD does! From this list of 12 names both Dan and Ephraim are omitted. Dan was omitted because of the evil in his life. On the other hand, Levi, Joseph, and Manasseh help to make up the twelve. Levi was not listed- because he received no land. He was of (the priestly tribe) which inherited no land. { GOD chooses whom HE will } Revelation 7:9 "After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands;"

While the tribulation period will be a time of judgment, it will [also] be a time of unprecedented redemption.

"And palms": In ancient times, these were associated with celebrations, including the Feast of Booths, or Tabernacles. -These are obviously the believers in JESUS CHRIST -who have been washed (clean) in the blood of the LAMB -and raptured into heaven [prior] to the Tribulation. “SALVATION “ ! (deliverance from sin and its consequences..) =7:10 And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb. Salvation is the theme of their worship - recognizing that it comes [solely] from HIM. Our salvation is a free gift through Grace. JESUS deserves all the credit. HE purchased our salvation with HIS precious blood. We did NOTHING on our own..We cannot take credit for our salvation. --TRIBULATION SAINTS-- =7:13 And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they? This elder is certainly representative of the church. He already knows who these are. He asks this question to teach those who do not understand who these are. Christians will know tribulation, but will be saved from the wrath to come.

1 Thessalonians 1:10 "And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, [even] Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come."

*I believe this rapture, or catching away of the Church- occurs before these seven years* =7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. These people (didn't go) with the raptured church, since they were not yet saved. During this 7 year period, they will be saved, martyred and enter heaven. "Washed their robes" (compare 19:8). Salvation's cleansing is in view. see Titus 2:11-14.

"Blood of the Lamb": This refers to the atoning sacrifice of Christ. see 1:5; 5:9; Rom. 3:24-25; 5:9. =7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

“HIS temple” - A heavenly throne.. During the Millennium, there will also be a temple on earth, a special holy place where GOD dwells in a partially restored, but still fallen, universe. see Ezekiel chapters 40-48. "Shall dwell among them": GOD’S presence will become their canopy of shelter to [protect] them from all the terrors of a fallen world- and the indescribable horrors they will experience on the earth during the time of tribulation. =Revelation 7:16 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. Isaiah 49:10 - "They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them."

(Both of these remind us of the 23rd Psalm. JESUS is the Shepherd. HE sees to the needs of HIS flock.

JESUS is the Light, and there will be no need for the sun or the moon. There will be a presence of Light. =Revelation 7:17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes. "God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes" The tears are not just wiped away, they are wiped completely away so that nothing is left but joy and abundant life in Christ 21:3-4. *Immediately (after) the great tribulation, it will become BLACK. No sun. No moon. No starshine - NOTHING. THEN -- The world [will] see the Return of The SON of MAN- JESUS CHRIST, And the earth, that is- it’s human-kind inhabitants, Demons, fallen angels, the devil, [Will] mourn and wail. Why? Because they are an unrepentant world About to be JUDGED. It WILL be BLACK, everywhere. Not ( just ) an absence of light -- but, BLACK. As in,Sin & NO LIGHT, NO PRESENCE of GOD. Until HE becomes Visible. The entire ‘earth’-- WILL SEE HIM RETURNING. No CNN, no Fox-news, No Satellite coverage needed. HE WILL BE THEE ONLY LIGHT PRESENTED. The world, “ WILL” See HIM Coming ! Even the DEAD, will see HIM coming, Period.

================================================== =Revelation 8:1 ~ "And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour." “The Seventh Seal”: This seal includes not only an earthquake, but the 7 trumpet judgments - 7 vial judgments - (( in rapid succession ))- At the 1st. Seal being broken, there was Thunder… -- NOW …………….. There [is] SILENCE. “SILENCE IN HEAVEN”: The silence of awe - and anticipation at the grim reality of the judgments, GOD is about to unleash.

The revelation by, and of, JESUS CHRIST - to the angelic hosts concerning, what is about to fall on the earth….. =Revelation 8:2 "And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets." The seven trumpets are the “contents” of the seventh seal judgments. When the first angel sounds his trumpet, the world experiences “hail and fire mixed with blood” - (Revelation 8:7). This judgment is similar to the seventh plague in Egypt, Exodus 9:23–24.

The “first” causes the destruction of most of the vegetation on the earth. (compare Exodus 9:13-25). The First Trumpet: Hail, Fire and Blood. Ice and fire rain from the sky, burning up a third of all the earth's trees and all of its grass. "Blood" arrives with the hail and fire, as the prophet (Joel) had predicted:

Joel 2:30 "And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth: blood and fire and pillars of smoke". And this is only the first trumpet! See, Exodus 9:24 - except - That time, it pertains to Egypt. This time- it is Earth-wide. The most important thing to remember is, that this wrath of GOD, falls on the UNBELIEVERS. “Seven trumpets”: The trumpets are of greater intensity than the seals, but not as destructive as the final vial or bowl judgments will be. (compare 16:1-21). They occur during the final 3-1/2 years, but the time of each is indefinite, [except] the effects of the fifth trumpet judgment, which will last 5 months, Rev.9:10. The first (4) announce the divine destruction of earth’s ecology (verses 6-12), while the final 3 involve demonic devastation of earth’s inhabitants, 9:1-21; 11:15. These "angels" are ready and prepared to carry out GOD’S orders. These "seven trumpets" are to sound the alarm. Trumpets are loud and send out a clear note. There will be no question of the message. The trumpet throughout the Bible is used for two specific purposes:

1: To assemble the people for worship;

2: To assemble the people for war. At any rate, this is to alarm and prepare.

This should encourage the Christians. It means judgment to the apostate and worldly. The Wrath of GOD is here - And about to get VERY REAL… In the first period of the Tribulation, the earth has known the wrath of the Antichrist; now it will begin to feel the wrath of GOD ALMIGHTY. =Revelation 8:3 "And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer [it] with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne."

“Golden censer”: A golden pan, suspended on a rope or chain, that was used to transport fiery coals from the brazen altar to the altar of incense, in order to ignite the incense, symbolizing the prayers of the people (5:8; Exodus 27:3; Luke 1:8-9). This occurred twice daily at the time of the morning and evening sacrifices. The answer to these prayers is the Seven Trumpets and Seven Golden Vials. =Revelation 8:4 "And the smoke of the incense, [which came] with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel's hand."

The Bible speaks of this as a sweet smelling savor, Ezra 6:10. The "angel" was the [messenger] who carried the prayers. “That they may offer sacrifices of sweet savours unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.”

=Revelation 8:5"And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast [it] into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake." “Thunderings … lightnings”: The thunderclaps, lightnings, and earthquake are the result of the fire from the altar, indicating that the action in heaven initiates a responsive action on earth. As the prayers for the saints for vengeance are taken from the altar, there are frightening sounds, flashes of light, and an earthquake on the earth, introducing the fact that the seven angels- are about to sound their trumpets.

Fire from the altar of burnt offering means that GOD accepted the prayers of the saints. This "fire taken from the altar and cast to the earth"- - is the fury of GOD. Our GOD is a consuming fire. GOD is angry, and HE has decided it is time to punish those on the earth who have rejected JESUS CHRIST as their SAVIOR. Mark 3:29 But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation: *If we turn our backs on the voice of the HOLY SPIRIT- we begin to silence HIS convictions and eventually we cannot hear HIS convicting power. This effectively blocks the working of GOD in our lives because we have reached a point where we are unable to respond to the promptings of the HOLY SPIRIT. (The rejection of MESSIAH, is [one] such Blasphemy.

Just as GOD finally destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah when they would not repent, there is a time when the fire of GOD will descend upon this earth in punishment. Are the Trumpet Judgments Literal Judgments? Found in Exodus 7-11, (5) of the plagues of Egypt are repeated in the book of Revelation. The trumpet judgments introduce physical judgment on the earth. The only exceptions are those trumpets that introduce events beyond human understanding, and even they affect human beings physically. ===================================== =Revelation 8:6 "And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound." Evidently in succession, The way is now prepared for the sounding of the trumpets. The prayers of the Saints have been offered- The censer of coals has been cast to the earth The fearful commotions and changes about to take place will be indicative of that. The last seal is opened; heaven stands in suspense to know what is to be disclosed… =Revelation 8:7 "The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up." The “first” trumpet brings literal fire and hail. To make matters even worse, John adds that "blood" arrives with the hail and fire, as the prophet Joel had predicted:

Joel 2:30 "And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth: blood and fire and pillars of smoke". (Also, compare Exodus 9:13-25). ((And this is only the first trumpet!)) *Volcanoes?? Is it possible that this is an ecological disaster without parallel to this point in the history of mankind? If so, its results will be incalculable. *Some religions, or people, even Clergy will tell you, that GOD never gets angry. These ‘people’ truly need to study the Bible. This is RIGHTEOUS ANGER. This is PUNISHMENT from GOD. The devil is not doing this. It is done on orders from GOD. Another place where this strange phenomenon of fire and hail mixed together falling is in Exodus.

Exodus 9:24 "So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation."

Both were punishments from GOD. The difference is, that this one in Exodus was localized. The one in Revelation is wide spread. One thing very important to remember is that the wrath of God falls on THOSE of UNBELIEF.

Ezekiel 38:22 And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that [are] with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone." The GOD of the Old Testament ~ Is the GOD of the New Testament, HE changes, not. 1 Corinthians 12:6- And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God wh